I was recently asked: Can a lay-person preach the homily at Mass or a Communion service? What about just reading the Gospel? Now I’m well aware that only a small percentage of my readers will find this question -and therefore my answer- interesting. Nevertheless It’s an important question which deserves a Catholic answer – and here it is:
According to the General Instruction Of The Roman Missal (GIRM):
“The homily should ordinarily be given by the priest celebrant himself. He may entrust it to a concelebrating priest or occasionally, according to circumstances, to the deacon, but never to a lay person. In particular cases and for a just cause, the homily may even be given by a bishop or a priest who is present at the celebration but cannot concelebrate” (GIRM 66).
What about a communion service?
According to Sunday Celebrations in the Absence of a Priest (the most explicit, relevant liturgical document), when a deacon is participating,
“it belongs to him to lead the prayers, to proclaim the gospel, to preach the homily, and to give Communion” (Introduction 18).
What if a Deacon is not participating at a Communion service?
The document goes on to say:
“the first two readings are proclaimed by one or two readers. The gospel is proclaimed by the leader. A layperson omits the greeting, “The Lord be with you,” before the gospel.
In the absence of a deacon, the layperson may read the gospel but without greeting the congregation in a clerical manner (“The Lord be with you”). And for the homily there are three options: (a) the lay person may read one prepared by the pastor, (b) the lay person may preach a brief non-homily if he has been given this role by the bishop, or (c) there may be silent reflection” (Introduction 40-41).
Hope that was a help. For a much more exciting blog post, see Catholic, Gay, and Feeling Fine. 🙂